I’m having a hard time calculating my ovulation period. The answer is no? But there are many girls and women who do not know how their reproductive system and the genital system works. The menstrual cycle is one of the mechanisms surprisingly less known by girls of all ages. This general “ignorance” about such an important moment in a woman’s life is usually faced when she starts thinking about having a child. That is when it is perhaps now too late to remedy errors and problems.
The idea of becoming a parent pushes the woman and the man to research the subject in order to maximize the possibilities of fertilization.
Ovulation, menstrual cycle, fertile period, oocytes, reproductive diseases, infections, infertility, everything becomes a great, complex mystery to be revealed.
Things get even more complicated when the woman has an irregular cycle, a factor that makes it particularly difficult to calculate precisely the fertile days of the woman, the best, that is, to try to have relationships with the aim of giving birth to a child.
But how does the female cycle work? What is ovulation and why is it so important for conception? What are the most fertile days for women? How often should I have sex when trying to have a baby? In this guide, we will try to answer these and other questions related to sex, pregnancy and, above all, the maximization of the possibilities of conception, so that we can finally give birth to the long-awaited frugal.
How does the woman’s menstrual cycle work?
The menstrual cycle generally lasts from 25 to 28 days. The calculation starts from the first day after the appearance of menstruation, dark red and abundant. Around the 14th day of the cycle, ovulation occurs, the moment, that is, when the oocyte reaches full maturity and is ready to be fertilized.
The menstrual cycle is divided into two periods:
The first is called the “follicular phase”. This period starts on the second day after the appearance of menstruation and ends on the 14th day when ovulation occurs. During the follicular phase, the egg cell matures and is then expelled and made available for fertilization by the spermatozoa.
The second period is called the “lutein phase”. This period starts on the 14th day of the cycle, i.e. from ovulation, and develops for another 14 days or so. It is characterized by the production of progesterone by the corpus luteum and by the progressive predisposition of the uterus to accept the oocyte in case of fertilization.
If fertilization does not occur, the corpus luteum (which has grown for 14 days) stops growing and then degenerates. In the same way, the endometrium is disintegrated and subsequently expelled. This expulsion takes place through new menstruation: the endometrium, mucous membrane that covers the uterine walls, had thickened and vascularized during the cycle to accommodate the fetus in case of fertilization of the egg. If this does not occur, since its function is lost, the mucous membrane degrades and the blood losses that the woman suffers monthly are related to the breakdown of the endometrium.
If, on the contrary, fertilization occurs, following sexual intercourse at this stage of the cycle, the implantation of the egg in the endometrium proceeds smoothly.
What is the most fertile period for the woman?
Around the 14th day of the cycle, the woman undergoes the ovulation process. In simple terms, at the end of the follicular phase, an egg cell is released by the follicle. The egg cell begins to move into the fallopian tubes and, for a period of about two days, the woman lives her most fertile period.
In fact, as ovulation approaches, the woman’s body begins to produce enormous amounts of estrogen, a hormone that is fundamental to human reproduction because it causes the thickening of the mucous membrane that covers the internal cavity of the uterus, called the endometrium. All this happens in such a way as to guarantee, in case of fertilization, the presence of an environment favorable both to the spermatozoa and to the nesting of the egg.
How is ovulation calculated in the case of irregular cycles?
Theoretically, the calculation of ovulation is very simple. Unfortunately, not all women have a regular cycle. In many cases, in fact, the female cycle is subject to variations and irregularities (periodic or sporadic) that can make it difficult to calculate the fertile period.
A very simple technique to use, even if not 100% safe, is the observation of cervical mucus. This changes in color and consistency during the cycle. In principle, the last day on which filamentous mucus occurs is before ovulation.
Afterward, the mucus will become more transparent and less mellow for a couple of days: this is the most fertile period for the woman.
If there are reports in this period it is easy to understand if the fertilization took place because it is reported by the so-called “spotting”, characterized by small reddish losses that coincide with the transformation of the follicle in the hemorrhagic body and, then, in the corpus luteum. Other clear symptoms of the fertilization are the presence of constant tension and pain at the breast and the production of more creamy and whitish mucus.
It should be remembered that this and other do-it-yourself techniques for calculating the woman’s fertile periods and the date of ovulation are methods that do not guarantee absolute precision nor the certainty of being on the right days to try to give birth to a baby.
Especially in cases of irregular cycles, calculations can be frustrated by numerous variations. If you have problems with conception, you should consult your doctor or rely on more accurate and safer tests to calculate the day of ovulation.